Updated 04.05.2018





Access control list

An access control list is a list of a company´s personnel with access to controlled materials.


An analysis is a methodical study of an area for understanding or characterisation.

Application form

Application forms are used by companies to obtain licences from CBB to possess, use, produce or store controlled materials listed in Annex 1 to Executive Order no. 981 of 15 October 2009 with subsequent amendments and Executive Order no. 803 of 22 June 2017.

Biological agents

Biological agents are microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi), parasites or toxins (from living organisms).

Biological attack

A biological attack is an intented harmful act using a living organism, or biologically active components, or products.

Biological defence 

Biological defence is the methods, plans, and procedures involved in establishing and executing countermeasures against attacks with biological agents.

Biological substances

Biological substances are human pathogens, zoonoses and toxins in the form of viruses, rickettsiae, bacteria, toxins or sub-units of toxins, some fungi and specific genetic elements and genetically modified organisms some of which can be used in association with biological attacks.


Containment facilities of laboratories made to prevent non-intentional infection of personnel and the general population.


Prevention of misuse of certain biological agents, toxins, equipment, knowledge or skills for offensive purposes.

Biosecurity officer

A biosecurity officer is an employee appointed by the company to be in charge of implementing and updating biosecurity at the site after having attended a training course offered by CBB.

Biosecurity dossier

A biosecurity dossier contains documents such as the application, security plan, terms, stock lists and other documentation relevant for the company's licence. All companies with a licence from CBB must have a biosecurity dossier.

Biological weapon

A biological weapon is a harmful biological agent combined with a delivery system.

CBB code

CBB codes are unique numbers that substitute the names of specific biological agents for which a company has a licence. The codes are used in the communication between the companies and CBB in order to communicate unclassified. Only the licence holder and CBB have access to the codes.


The CBRN abbreviation is referring to Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear weapons. CBRN incidents are deliberate, malicious acts to kill or cause diseases and to disrupt society through the use of chemical, biological, radiological or nuclear weapons or materials.


A company is a legal entity with a CVR-number e.g. hospitals, institutions, production entities etc. or departments thereof.

Control list

The Control list is Annex 1 to Executive Order no. 981 of 15 October 2009 with subsequent amendments and Executive Order no. 803 of 22 June 2017.

Controlled materials

Controlled materials are biological agents, delivery systems and related materials stated in Annex 1 to Executive Order no. 981 of 15 October 2009 with subsequent amendments and Executive Order no. 803 of 22 June 2017.


A CVR-number is a unique company registration number assigned by the Danish Commerce Agency in pursuance of Executive Order no. 653 of 15. June 2006 with subsequent amendments about the Central Business Register.


Decontamination is the process of conversion or inactivation of a contaminant with a decontaminant. Decontamination is applied to equipment and emergency responders in protective suits.

Delivery systems

Delivery systems are spraying equipment and other unmanned systems capable of disseminating biological substances.

Dispersal analysis

Analysis of the dispersal of biological agent in an area exposed to an attack with a biological weapon and the determination of the extent of the contamination and a laboratory analysis of the biological substance. Using advanced computer models, CBB demarcates the contaminated area and identifies potentially exposed individuals.

Dual use

Dual use means that a biological substance, a delivery system or a related material can be used for both legitimate and offensive purposes.

Exposure area

The exposure area is a geographical area where the airborne concentration of a dangerous biological substance (due to a passing particle cloud) is higher than the threshold value set by CBB.

Genetic elements

Genetic elements are nucleic acid sequences, including chromosomes, genomes, plasmids, transposons and vectors.

Field Investigation Team

The CBB Field Investigation Team provides clinical advice on immediate actions to be taken including medical countermeasures in case of an incident. The team collects information and samples, conducts rapid laboratory analyses, and provides expert medical advice in order to identify any biological warfare agent and determine the dispersion area.

Form for amendments to the licence

Form for amendments to the licence is used by companies planning any amendments under a current licence. The form must be submitted to CBB before implementation.

Form for reporting

The form for reporting is used by the companies to report annual stockpile and transfers of controlled materials to CBB.


Hazard is the potential to cause harm i.e. a situation where an accident, an injury or any other unwanted situation may happen, or an object that could elicit such a situation.

Hazard area

The hazard area is a geographical area where the fallout concentration of a dangerous biological substance (due to a passing particle cloud) is higher than the threshold value set by CBB.


Inspections are announced  and unannounced visits at companies. The aim of the visits is to ensure that the companies comply with Act no. 53 of 11 January 2017 and Act No. 474 of 17 June 2008 on securing specific biological substances, delivery systems and related materials.

Inventory list

An inventory list is a list of a company's stock of a controlled material, specifying type and quantity.


A licence is a licence issued by CBB stating the terms and conditions to which a company must comply in order to work with or possess the controlled material applied for.

List of exclusions

The list of exclusions is a list of biological substances and materials exempted from Act no. 474 of 17 June 2008 on securing specific biological substances, delivery systems and related materials and Act no. 53 of 11 January 2017 on control of animal pathogens.


Loss is loss of controlled material, which cannot be explained by either theft or normal use.

Medical countermeasures

Medical countermeasures are methods and procedures to counter diseases e.g. quarantine, isolation and use of vaccines, antitoxins and antibiotics.

Medical intelligence

Medical intelligence concerning human and animal health based on medical, veterinary, epidemiological and environmental data analysis. Medical intelligence is of a particularly technical nature, requiring specialised medical expertise throughout the entire intelligence cycle.


Misuse is use of controlled materials without an adequate licence from CBB.


A P-number is a 10-digit number representing a physical location of a company, with registered employees.

Related materials

Related materials are materials, equipment and technology which are covered by relevant international treaties and agreements or included in national control lists and furthermore can be used in the design, development, production, or use of biological weapons and their delivery systems.


Risk is the possibility that a hazard is realised. Risk is a product of probability and consequence.

Security plan

A security plan is a plan for security measures or precautions to be implemented at a company to prevent, detect and respond in case of theft or misuse of controlled biological substances, delivery systems and related materials.


Spills are uncontrolled occurrences of a biological (infectious) substance. Spills may spread in an environment and cause exposure and infections due to a deliberate dissemination or due to accident.

Storage unit

A defined unit for storage of biological substances, for example a closed sample tube containing a bacterial culture.


Non-public information or skill that is necessary for the development, production or use of a product.


Unlawful acts with the intent to cause death, serious injury or hostage taking. The aim is to create fear in the population or compel a government or an international organisation to perform or refrain from performing a particular action.


Theft is when controlled material is removed without permission from a company with a licence from CBB.


Threat is a possible impending intended danger or harm. Threat is quantified as the product of intention and risk.


Possession is to own or have custody of biological substances, delivery systems or related materials included in the Executive Order no. 981 of 15 October 2009 and Executive Order no. 803 of 22 June 2017. 

Vulnerability assessment

 A vulnerability assessment is an identification of the threats and short comings of a company’s security measures associated with the possession, production, use, storage, purchase, sale, transport, transfer and disposal of controlled biological substances, delivery systems and related materials.

Warfare agents

Warfare agents are specially produced and possibly modified biological agents (bacteria, viruses, fungi, or toxins) capable of causing illness and possibly death.


Weaponise is a technical process by which a biological agent becomes suitable for attack.

Contact us

Centre for Biosecurity and Biopreparedness 
Statens Serum Institut

5 Artillerivej
DK-2300 Copenhagen S

Telefon: +45 32688127
Email: cbb@ssi.dk